Ethiopia cultural & historical holidays

Start: 

Addis Ababa

Finish: 

Addis Ababa

Duration: 

15 Days Northern Ethiopia

Style: 

Basic

Accommodation : 

Standard B& B

Code : 

HT 007

Group size: 

Min 2, Max 10

Price: 

1989 USD Per Person

Include: 

Accommodation, Entrance fee, Transfers, Local Guide Not Included: Meal, Domestic Flights

Included activities

  • Lake Tana - Boat Cruise
  • Bahirdar - Blue Nile Falls
  • Simien Mountains National Park - Hike
  • Axum - Yeha Temple
  • Tigray - Rock Church of Medhane Alem Adi Kesho
  • Lalibela - Afternoon Tour
  • Lalibela - Asheten Mariam Hike
  • battlefield of Adwa

Day 1 Addis abeba , city tour will include the National Museum

Day 2 Debremarkos ,Leave Addis Ababa and head driving through the central plateau

Day 3 Bahir Dar , Continue driving Bahir Dar, one of the most attractive towns in northern Ethiopia

Day4 Blue Nile falls/Gonder , Head out for the Blue Nile Falls continue on to Gondar

Day 5 Debark, drive to Debark your base for exploring the Simien Mountains.

Day 6 Simien mountains National Park , Enjoy a full day to explore the spectacular scenery of the Simien Mountains

Day 7 Axum ,Drive Though this is a long and winding journey, the spectacular views of the mountains

Day 8 Axum , Morning , Visit the stele fields, several tombs, the ruins of the Queen of Sheba’s palace

Day 9 Mekele  ,Drive mekele on the way Leave Axum for Mekele, looking across to see the spectacular Adwa Mountains and the battlefield of Adwa,

Day 10 Lalibela , Start the long journey to Lalibela early in the morning on a smooth paved road

Day 11 Lalibela , Today you’ll use the morning and afternoon to visit Lalibela’s amazing churches

Day 12 Lalibela  , This morning we trek to the rock church of Asheten Mariam

Day 13 Drive to Kombolcha

Day 14 Drive to Addis abeba

Day 15 Departure

Itinerary 

Day 1 Addis abeba

Begin this Ethiopian adventure in the capital of Addis Ababa. Your adventure begins with a welcome meeting  .You can arrive at any time as there are no activities planned until this important meeting. If you arrive early perhaps take a tour of this bustling city, dotted with Italian architecture, interesting churches and friendly inhabitants. This relatively new city, established by the Emperor Menelik II in 1887, The optional city tour will include the National Museum, where you’ll find the remains of “Lucy’, the Ethnographic Museum, set within the beautiful gardens of Haile Selassie’s former palace.

Day 2 Debremarkos

Leave Addis Ababa and head northwest across the Entoto hills, driving through the central plateau that stretches hundreds of miles. Settle in for a long day of driving. Along the way you’ll see villages dotted with traditional grass roof houses and well-laid out farmlands, and locals in colourful dress. The drive also offers some historical and natural sites to break up the long journey (approximately 6 hours). The 13th century Monastery of Debre-Libanos is one of Ethiopia’s holiest sites and sits between a cliff and the gorge of the Jema River. Narby is a 16th century bridge said to have been built by the Portuguese. Pass the spectacular Blue Nile Gorge, which extends nearly 400 kilometres and can reach depths of up to 1,500 metres. Continue on to Debre Markos for the night.

Day 3 Bahir Dar

Continue driving (approximately 4 hours) and pass through the lush farmlands of the region in time for lunch at Bahir Dar, one of the most attractive towns in northern Ethiopia. This afternoon, hop on a sightseeing boat to cruise around the lake. Covering over 3,500 square kilometres, this is Ethiopia’s largest lake and is home to 37 islands, 20 of which house some of Ethiopia’s holiest monasteries. Many of these monasteries are believed to date back to the 13th and 14th centuries, and feature amazing ecclesiastical art. Legend has it that the Ark of Covenant (of Indiana Jones fame) was hidden here for protection during the times when Muslim forces invaded from the east. Your boat trip will take you to the monastery of URA-Kidane Mehret, which dates between the 16th and 18th centuries. It’s renowned for its collection of crosses and crowns, and its incredible painted walls that offer up a virtual 'who’s who' of Ethiopian saints. The boat returns to your hotel via the source of the ‘Blue’ section of the Nile.

Day4 Blue Nile falls/Gonder

Head out for the Blue Nile Falls today. Located 32 kilometres south of Bahir Dar, the Blue Nile Falls measure over 400 metres wide and crash down 48 metres in full flood. These falls are known locally as Tis Isat (Smoking Water) and are a spectacular sight when the water’s high. New hydro-electrical plants and dams have somewhat impacted on their magnificence, but the sight is still a memorable one. You can take a longer scenic walk past the main viewpoint (1.5 kilometres) or a shorter walk to reach the foot of the falls. You will then cross the Nile River by boat to reach your vehicle. A leisurely lunch back in Bahir Dar, continue on to Gondar in the afternoon. Travel north around the edge of Lake Tana and head for the regal city of Gondar. This drive will take approximately 4.5 hours, including stops for photos along the way. Gondar was the 17th and 18th century capital of Ethiopia, and is famed for its medieval castles and churches.

Day 5 Debark

This morning, there is the option to take a tour of Gondar’s most significant churches and castles. The city's unique Royal Enclosure is a World Heritage site, home to dramatic Emperor-built castles unlike any other in Africa. The architecture shows the richness of Axumite traditions as well as the prosperity of Ethiopia in the 17th and 18th centuries. Spend the morning visiting these medieval castles – like the two-storied palace of Emperor Fasilades – and stop by the famous church of Debre Berhan Selassie. The church is one of the finest in Ethiopia, with walls and ceilings covered stunning in ancient murals of angels. After having lunch in the city, make the drive to Debark (approximately 3 hours), your base for exploring the Simien Mountains. The rest of the afternoon is free to explore the small town of Debark on your own.

Day 6 Simien mountains National Park

Enjoy a full day to explore the spectacular scenery of the Simien Mountains National Park. The park is a majestic series of undulating amethyst peaks, including Ethiopia’s highest point – Ras Dejen (4550 metres). The peaks have been eroded over millions of years and have left strange and wonderful geological formations behind. The mountains are also home to much of Ethiopia’s wildlife and are great for bird watching. Once you pass the entrance to the National park, you will hike and drive up to Sankaber and enjoy dramatic views of the mountain landscape. The park is home to some of the world’s most elusive animals, and while you're here you might encounter troops of the endemic Gelada baboons. The baboons, only found in Ethiopia, are often referred to as the ‘bleeding heart baboon’ or the 'lion monkey’. Their coat is shaggy, resembling a lion, while their chest has a marked ‘red heart’ or patch. The Gelada baboon doesn’t have natural enemies and so can be found in good numbers and are quite easy to approach. After the hike set up camp within the park to experience the park by night. The camp has no showers and basic facilities.

Day 7 Axum

Take the asphalt but winding road up to the fabled city of Axum, crossing the lowlands of the Simien Mountains and the Tekeze River gorge (approximately 7 hours). Though this is a long and winding journey, the spectacular views of the mountains makes the time slide away. You’ll arrive in Axum in the late afternoon. Axum was once the capital of Africa’s oldest empire – the Kingdom of Axum lasted from 1 AD to 700 AD and grew to rank among the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient world. It was positioned at the centre of an important trading route that stretched from Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea and all the way to India and Sri Lanka. Axumite society was rich, well organized and technically advanced. In this period, bronze, silver and gold coins were produced, amazing tombs and monoliths constructed and Christianity was introduced to Ethiopia.

Day 8 Axum

Morning , Visit the stele fields, several tombs, the ruins of the Queen of Sheba’s palace and an archaeological museum. The field is home to over 100 stele – the largest one measuring 33 metres and weighing an incredible 517 tones. Stele (or monoliths) are carved from a single piece of granite, and are often elaborately decorated to resemble a multi-story house complete with windows, doors, locks and structural beams. Their scale reflects how important Axum once was, and they were probably transported by elephants from a nearby quarry. The mausoleums in this area include the tomb of the false door and also the tombs of King Kaleb and Gebre Meskel, while the archaeological museum houses fascinating displays. An unimposing building with a green picket fence is the St Mary of Zion Church, the first built in sub-Saharan Africa. This holds the crowns of various former Ethiopian emperors and is even said to house the most fabled biblical relic in history – the Ark of the Covenant. The afternoon is free for you to keep exploring – you might like to see some of the handcraft shops or take a walk out of Axum for an hour or so to see Gobodera, the quarry place for the stele and rock lioness relief.

Day 9 Mekele

Leave Axum for Mekele, looking across to see the spectacular Adwa Mountains and the battlefield of Adwa, where the Ethiopians defeated the Italians in 1896. Stop to visit the Pre-Christian Pagan Temple of Yeha before breaking for lunch at Adigrat. Yeha is thought to have been Ethiopia’s first capital and the temple has been dated to around the 6th century BC. After lunch, drive to Enda Teka Tesfay and walk to the rock church of Medhane Alem Adi Kesho (approximately 4 hours). There are numerous magnificent rock-hewn churches in the Tigray region, but Medhane Alem Adi Kesho is one of the best in terms of architectural quality. The outside is roughly carved, but the interior ceiling is elaborately sculpted. Spend the night in nearby Mekele.

Day 10 Lalibela

Start the long journey to Lalibela early in the morning on a smooth paved road and, after a couple of hours, reach the spectacular mountain range of Amba Alaje. Continue through green valleys and flat plains before turning west towards Lalibela at Woldia (approximately 4.5 hours). The road after Woldia offers one of the most scenic routes in the country. It involves climbing on winding roads along steep hills and evergreen lush valleys up to the Delanta Plateau (3,500 metres), then contouring around the valley for a couple of hours, before arriving at Lalibela in the late afternoon (approximately 4 hours). Despite the town of Lalibela being isolated in the Lasta Mountains at 2,630 metres above sea level, it is still the home of Ethiopia’s top sight, and one of the world's greatest historical and religious sites.

Day 11 Lalibela

Today you’ll use the morning and afternoon to visit Lalibela’s amazing churches, which look like they've been dropped down from the sky. Between 1137 and 1270, several astounding rock-hewn churches were constructed in Lalibela; astonishing because most are not built from carved freestanding rocks, but instead created from huge single blocks of stone unearthed by the digging of enormous pits. The Northern Group contains seven churches, a tomb, a chapel and a sunken chapel. At the centre of the group is Bet Medhane Alem, measuring 33.5 metres by 23.5 metres and said to be the largest rock-hewn church in the world. A tunnel connects three of the churches in a courtyard to the east, whilst another tunnel connects two other churches to the west of Bet Medhane Alem. However it is Bet Giyorgis (St George's), carved in the form of a Greek cross and lying slightly apart from the main northern cluster, which is the most famous and frequently photographed. This church is exceptionally well-preserved and is probably the most visually perfect. The Eastern group of five churches includes the only hypogeous church, where only the roof remains attached to the overhead rock.

Day 12 Lalibela

This morning we trek to the rock church of Asheten Mariam, which sits on the 3,150-metre-high Abune Josef mountain that overlooks Lalibela. You will climb for 2.5 hours to the summit, where the church is carved out of a cleft into the cliff face. The monastery houses ancient parchments and crosses, but the real treasure is the setting and the view. You might see Ethiopian wolves and gelada baboons on your hike. Descend the mountain and return to the hotel for lunch. This afternoon is free to relax or continue exporing this fascinating town. This evening you will enjoy a special dinner at Ben Ababa open air restaurant.

Day 13 Drive to Kombolcha

Day 14 Addis abeba

This trip comes to an end today after breakfast. There are no activities planned and you are free

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